Other Resources

Roots & Branches

ROOTS & BRANCHES is a digital ON LINE archive of historical materials tracing the origins and evolution of the community land trust (CLT).  Developed by Arc of Justice co-producer, John Emmeus Davis, this hub of information includes a compendium of photographs, videos, and documents as well as a collection of personal interviews and oral histories of those who were instrumental in creating the CLT model and building the movement in the U.S. and abroad.

Related Films



Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

SNCC, Wikipedia entry: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Student_Nonviolent_Coordinating_Committee

The SNCC Legacy Project: http://www.sncclegacyproject.org/

Southwest Georgia Project for Community Education: (http://www.swgaproject.com/about-us.html)

Carson Clayborne, In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (Harvard University Press, 1981).

Cheryl Lynn Greenberg (ed.), A Circle of Trust: Remembering SNCC (Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1998).

Henry Hampton. “Ain't Scared of Your Jails” (1960-1961), Eyes on the Prize.TV Documentary produced for The American Experience,  Public Broadcasting System (1987). (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/about/index.html)

John Lewis, Walking With the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998).

Barbara Ransby, Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2003).

Rev. Charles Sherrod delivers a keynote address at "50 Years After the Sit-Ins," a conference at the University of Virginia School of Law, 2010.


Howard Zinn, SNCC: The New Abolitionists (Boston: Beacon Press, 1964).

Albany Movement

Albany Civil Rights Institute: http://www.albanycivilrightsinstitute.org/

Albany Movement, New Georgia Encyclopedia: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/albany-movement

Taylor Branch, “Almost Christmas in Albany,” Chapter Fourteen in Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988).

Clayborne Carson, "SNCC and the Albany Movement," Journal of Southwest Georgia History vol. 2 (1984: 15-25).

David J. Garrow, “Albany and Lessons for the Future, 1961-1962,” Chapter Four in Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1986).

Donald L. and Johathan Grant, The Way It Was in the South: The Black Experience in Georgia (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001).

Mary Royal Jenkins, Open Dem Cells: A Pictorial History of the Albany Movement (Columbus, Ga.: Brentwood Academic Press, 2000).

Shirley Sherrod, “Freedom’s Whisper,” Chapter 3 in The Courage to Hope (New York: Atria Books, 2012).

Stephen G.N. Tuck, Beyond Atlanta: The Struggle for Racial Equality in Georgia, 1940-1980 (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001).

Black Land Loss

Browne, Robert S. Only Six Million Acres: The Decline of Black-Owned Land in the Rural South. NY: The Black Economic Research Center, 1973.

Center for Social Inclusion, Regaining Ground: Cultivating Community Assets & Preserving Black Land (New York, NY: Center for Social Inclusion, 2011).  Available at: http://www.centerforsocialinclusion.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Regaining-Ground-Cultivating-Community-Assets-and-Preserving-Black-Land.pdf

Pete Daniels, Breaking the Land: The Transformation of Cotton, Tobacco, and Rice Cultures Since 1880 (University of Illinois Press, 1986.)

Emergency Land Fund, Federation of Southern Cooperatives.  

John Francis Ficarqa, Black Farmers in America.  (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2006).

Charlene Gilbert, Homecoming.  A film about black land loss.  Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Grp-1HzXqzI

Jess Gilbert, Gwen Sharp, and M. Sindy FeZin, “The Loss and Persistence of Black-Owned Farms and Farmland: A Review of the Research Literature and Its Implications,” Southern Rural Sociology, vol. 18(no. 2), (2002: 1-30).

Jack Temple Kirby, Rural Worlds Lost: The American South, 1920-1960 (LSU Press, 1986).

T. Lewan and D. Barclay. 2001. "Torn from the Land." Associated Press Series. Retrieved January 8, 2002. http://wire.ap.org/APpackages/torn/index.html.

L. McGee and R. Boone (eds.), The Black Rural Landowner- Endangered Species: Social, Political, and Economic Implications (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979).

L. Schweninger, "A Vanishing Breed: Black Farm Owners in the South, 1651-1982."  Agricultural History, v. 63, no. 3 (1989: 1-57).

Spencer D. Wood and Jess Gilbert, “Returning African American farmers to the land: Recent trends and a policy rationale,” The Review of Black Political Economy, vol. 27, issue 4, (March 2000: 43-64).      

New Communities Inc.

Website for Resora: http://experienceresora.com/

Jeffrey Golden, Watermelon Summer: A Journal (New York: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1971).

Shimon Gottschalk and Robert S. Swann, “Planning a Rural New Town in Southwest Georgia,” Arete, Journal of the Graduate School of Social Work, University of South Carolina, 2(1), 1970.

Institute for Community Economics, “An Interview with Charles Sherrod,” Pp. 194-201 in  The Community Land Trust Handbook (Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1982).

International Independence Institute, “One Experiment: Organizing New Communities Inc.”, Pp. 16-25 in The Community Land Trust: A Guide to a New Model for Land Tenure in America (Cambridge, MA: Center for Community Economic Development, 1972).

Shirley Sherrod, “At Work in the Fields,” Chapter 7 in The Courage to Hope (New York: Atria Books, 2012).

Bob Swann, “New Communities—5000 Acres and $1,000,000,” Chapter 20 in Peace, Civil Rights, and the Search for Community: An Autobiography. (Great Barrington, MA: Schumacher Society for a New Economics, 2001). Available at: http://www.centerforneweconomics.org/content/robert-swann/autobiography-chapter20

The Black Farmers’ Lawsuit Against USDA (Pigford v Glickman)

Congressional Research Service. The Pigford Case: USDA Settlement of a Discrimination suit by Black Farmers. Washington, DC: CRS (2010).

Pigford et al. v. Glickman. 185. F.R.D. 82 (D.D.C.) Pigford, et al., v Glickman. 1997. Civil Action No. 97-1978 (PLF). United States District Courtfor the District of Columbia. (28 Apr). (1999).

Gary R. Grant, Spencer D. Wood, and Willie J. Wright, “Black Farmers United: The Struggle Against Power and Principalities,” The Journal of Pan African Studies, vol.5, no.1 (March 2012: 3-22). Available at: http://www.jpanafrican.org/docs/vol5no1/5.1BlackFarmers.pdf

Cassandra Jones Havard, “African-American Farmers and Fair Lending: Racializing Rural Economic Space.” Stanford Law and Policy Review 12 (2001: 333-347).

Shirley Sherrod, “A Place at the Table,” Chapter 10 in The Courage to Hope (New York: Atria Books, 2012).

Kristol Bradley Ginapp, “Jim USDA Crow: Sympotomatic Discrimination in Agriculture,” Drake Journal of Agricultural Law, vol. 8 (2003: 237).

Spencer D. Wood and Cheryl R Ragar. “Grass Tops Democracy: Institutional Discrimination in the Civil Rights Violations of Black Farmers.” Under Review.  2012.

Community Land Trusts

Equity Trust Inc: www.equitytrust.org

Schumacher Center for a New Economics: http://www.centerforneweconomics.org/

Grounded Solutions Network (formerly the National CLT Network): www.groundedsolutions.org

Roots & Branches: A Gardener’s Guide to the Origins and Evolution of the Community Land Trust: www.cltroots.org

John Emmeus Davis (ed.), The Community Land Trust Reader (Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2010).

Institute for Community Economics, The Community Land Trust Handbook (Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, 1982).

International Independence Institute, The Community Land Trust: A Guide to a New Model for Land Tenure in America (Cambridge, MA: Center for Community Economic Development, 1972).